Diagnostic Tests

Atypical ANCA: Anti‐LAMP2, Anti‐Elastase Test

ANTIGENS / BIOMARKERS

Anti-LAMP2, Anti-Elastase

TURNAROUND-TIME (TAT)

5 Days

SKU / TEST CODE

ATY ANCA

PROCEDURE / TECHNIQUE

Addressable LASER Bead Immunoassay (ALBIA)

REFERENCE RANGE

Qualitative Analysis: Negative / Positive

SENSITIVITY / SPECIFICITY

TBD

CLINICAL ASSOCIATIONS

Mitogen’s Atypical ANCA assay is an autoimmune diagnostic test that detects autoantibodies to Lamp2 and Elastase. LAMP2 (Lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 or CD107b) is a lysosome-associated membrane glycoproteins. Its function is believed to be involved in directing lysosomes such as protecting lysosomes from its own internal enzymes, acting as a receptor into the lysosome, adhesion, signal transduction and maintaining pH and catabolism. Antibodies to LAMP-2 are reported in vasculitis and ANCA-related glomeruloenphritis.

Elastase is an enzyme that breaks down elastin (an elastic fibre in connective tissue). From neutrophils, elastase breaks down the outer membrane protein A of gram-negative bacteria. Antibodies to elastase are associated with cocaine-related necrotizing vasculopathy and other ANCA-related vascuopathies.

References:
Moran-Toro C, et al. J.Rheumatol.Res. 2:70-74, 2019; Peschel A, et al. J.Am.Soc.Nephrol. 25:455-463, 2014).
Wiesner O, et al. Arthritis Rheum. 50:2954-2965, 2004.
Tervaert JW, et al. Ann Rheum Dis 52:115-120, 1993.

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